The enlightenment teaching of the Essene was known as THE WAY. This teaching became the final interpretation on the Law and the Prophets, as revealed by Yeshua Messiah, and became the transitional teaching into the early church. Many of these teachings are contained within modern religious thought, many are not.
In this article the world inherits the many failed standards of Cain.
In chapter 4 verse 17 we begin a whole new story. “Cain knew his wife, and she conceived and bore Enoch. And he then founded a city, and named the city after his son Enoch.” Cain founds what modern scholars believe to be the city of Eridu. However, there is much left unsaid in the above scripture, among them the creation of weights and measures. In the writings of Josephus a broader treatise on Cain and his activities is supplied.
Josephus tells us that Cain does not “accept his punishment in order to amendment, but to increase his wickedness,” and that he procured for his own “bodily pleasure, though it obliged him to be injurious to his neighbors. He augmented his household substance with much wealth, by rapine and violence” (Ant. 1.2). Just as Cain perceived himself as ‘gaining’ when he killed his brother, Cain abuses his neighbors to gain according to his lust… and “became a great leader of men into wicked courses.”
Cain gained great wealth by pillaging the land and subduing it. It is here that Josephus makes a curious statement: “He also introduced a change in that way of simplicity wherein men lived before; and was the author of measures and weights.” Why would simplicity contrasted to weights and measures be mentioned in the same sentence? What does all of this mean?
Cain builds the first walled city not as a convenience, nor to keep the wind out of his camp. Cain builds the city to protect his loot. Cain develops measures so he can make boundaries on the lands he has conquered, and therein to tax according to the lands’ yield. Cain is essentially the first government, and he is not about doing good. In other words, weights and measures are inserted into this world after an unrighteous reason, and not to assist mankind, except to assist Cain. Cain does not develop weights as a standard for commerce, so much as to weigh metals, grain and other produce to give ‘measure and weight’ to his own wealth.
We have now entered into a new world of complexity at the behest of the corrupted Cain. His mind is completely bent on gain, and pursues gain by evil means. “And whereas they (the populace) lived innocently and generously while they knew nothing of such arts, he changed the world into cunning craftiness.” Where once we have a peaceful and pastoral society, generous to one another as these societies seem to be, we now have a society scouring to garner what they may. Society becomes consumed by gain.
It is the populous who have been pillaged by Cain, and by craftiness they are left to rectify circumstance as they may. Or, much like Cain, as they see fit. Any semblance of godly standards is now subsumed by the ethos of ‘gain’. The implementation of weights and measures does not become the kind of broader success or accomplishment many of us would envision. Counting, measuring, numbering and categorizing may free man by ease of use, but weights and measures may also be used to extract a cruel toll. Weights and measures arrive in the form of a lust that leads to gain for its own sake, what today is referred to as love of money.
Some may assume Cain invented what we know today as capitalism. Yet, all traders and craftsmen were about their own purposes and created the capital they desired, which would arrive in the form of needed goods and services. By example, Cain did not create money, yet by violent extraction rather than trade he accumulated wealth. The need to quantify that wealth would become useful in Cain’s unbending pursuit of who is foremost. All others would now be ‘measured’ by the same standards– the standard set by Cain.
Even if we take scripture as written, “And then he founded a city, and named the city after his son Enoch.” We must ask, where did Cain assemble the wherewithal to become prosperous, much less build a city. An important point is here to be made concerning scripture, and the method of thinking and writing in ancient times— scripture often leaves unspoken intent for the reader to discover. So when scripture is read it is sometimes useful to ponder what is not said, as well as what is mentioned. The city itself was accomplished by ‘measures’, or measured out, but the need for the city was accomplished through terror and theft.
Believe it or not, Cain still has the remnants of a godly mind. Rabbinical scholars write that Adam and Eve left the garden with ‘branches of knowledge’, of which the leaves represent various understandings themselves. Some of this knowledge would certainly have been passed down to Cain and Abel. Later, these understandings are passed on to Seth, since Abel was killed, and from Seth then to his son Enosh. Point being, Cain’s mind is much more powerful than those around him. He has knowledge, and from the stretching of the mind to comprehend this knowledge would also have a certain cognitive ability others lack. However, he bends the creation power of knowledge and the intuitive grasp of matters that comes with this knowledge, and bends both toward evil.
The populous into which Cain enters was never exposed to the enlightened understanding Adam and Eve would have expressed to their two sons. The populous would not be exalted in any way we know of, and we assume they are pagan. Yet, Josephus tells us they basically lived in peace. It may not have been a perfect peace, without squabbles or fights, but it seems clear he intends that intercourse between peoples were content on the face of it.
It is Cain’s misdirected consciousness that thrusts him into the role of Destroyer, and quite the opposite of the latter Jesus, who is Deliverer. Within the allegory, Cain becomes the first true conquerer, and by his conniving ways, whether by the building of walls or the use of measures, he enslaves the people and personifies the first dictator, the first city-state king, one who taxes by measures and weights. Because of his knowledge, within the pagan world he may have eventually ascended to priest-king status.
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