The enlightenment teaching of the Essene was known as THE WAY. The Way became the final interpretation of the Law and the Prophets, as revealed by Yeshua Messiah. The Way became the transitional teaching of the early church.
Enoch establishes the first formal teaching within the Cult of Yahweh.
THE BOOKEssene called themselves the Enochian. Why is this significant? What is it about the Book of Enoch that would cause those followers to so designate themselves? Who indeed is Enoch?
The Book of Enoch was first transcribed, and maintained in whole, soon after the Greek invasion of Palestine (332 BC) but included only Book I, concerning the Watchers.
“This complex work [Enoch] was extremely influential and is very important. It is the oldest known Jewish apocalyptic text- older than the canonical book of Daniel- and this proves that it is incorrect to maintain that the apocalyptic genre originated in the age of the Maccabean revolt. The Enochic literature was very popular: there are many fragments among the Scrolls of the Dead Sea,” livius.org.
The later transcription of the text occurred at approximately 100 BC, not long after the Maccabean Revolt ended (144 BC), with the exception of later additional chapters thought to be written in the 5/6th century. These later chapters are not our concern, however.
During this tumultuous period, another historical event of great importance also changed the face of Judaism. The ‘Teacher of Righteousness’, and with the Elect of the Zadokite priesthood, went into retreat (150 BC), removing themselves from the Hellenized Zadokites (later, Sadducees) who had assumed corrupt religious practices, and who garnered wealth and pursued governmental influence. The Elect would divide into two principal groups, Nazarenes in the northern provinces of Arabia and the Galilee itself, and Osseaen Essene legalists who settled in Qumran.
During the one-hundred-fifty years from 300 BC to 150 BC, the Book of Daniel was also written, and Books II & III of Enoch were soon completed. Combined with Revelation, the books of Daniel and Enoch are the most prophetic and apocalyptic scriptural texts. All three were written during times of great trouble upon the land. The apocalyptic style of these books would not lend itself to Pharisee thought and practice, and the Sadducees would follow only the Pentateuch. The Dead Sea Scrolls were largely written during this time period as well. The Book of Enoch, Daniel and Revelation carry forward as Essene texts.
As to the disciple John and his authorship of the Book of Revelation: the Gospel of John is by far the most mystic of the gospels, and Revelation follows suit. From his gospel, it is not hard to see that John either already comprehended the teachings of the mysteries, or it was relatively easy for him to convert. His fluid grasp of the mystery of Jesus’ identity is astounding, and his cognitive style in presenting Jesus requires an intimate depth of understanding. John returns to Jesus’ identity throughout his scripture. A lesser-known but good example follows in Jn. 6.65, “Therefore I said unto you, that no man can come unto me, except it were given unto him of my Father.” This scripture implies Jesus as foreordained as the Messiah, and implies that those around him must awaken to the kingdom within. “…except it were given unto him of the Father,” implies such an awakening to become a true follower.
Before its completed writing, the Book of Enoch would have been handed down by oral tradition, even though earlier scraps indicate some passages had been transcribed. In the New Testament, Enoch is referenced in Jude 14 & 15, with the emphasis on the coming of the Lord with ten thousand saints, and thence to execute judgment on those who commit ungodly deeds and those whose speech has been ungodly (heretical or blasphemous). Because it was actually written as a Hebrew text, and certainly rooted in Essene tradition, and because it is represented in a number of New Testament scriptures, the Book of Enoch has to be considered as part of the transitional teaching of the Way.
Matthew Chapter 13 expresses a part of the secret teachings, sometimes described as the wisdom teachings. Chapter 13 acquaints us with the sowing of good seed, which is the essential practice of the Way, the Parable of the Tares and the Pearl of Great Price, and in verse 35 Jesus speaks of uttering secrets not revealed from the foundation of the world. These secrets in part reference himself as the Messiah, and a plan that long ago came into being, perhaps even before the foundation of earth life.
Chapter 13 also relates to Matt. 7.6, concerning casting pearls of wisdom or knowledge before those who are not ready, “and (they) turn again and rend you.”* Immediately following Matt. 7.6 the proper instruction is given: “Ask, and it shall be given you; seek, and ye shall find; knock, and it shall be opened unto you.” Instead of direct teaching, it is often better to encourage others to seek after God, for until this is accomplished teaching will have little effect. This last would be one important underpinning of the Nazarene enlightenment principle.
*DSS Community Rule, Chapter IX, “He shall conceal the teaching of the Law from men of injustice, but shall impart true knowledge and righteous judgment to those who have chosen the Way.”
In turn, all of the above scriptures explain why Jesus taught in parables, Luke 8.10: “And he said, “Unto you it is given to know the mysteries of the kingdom of God: but to others in parables; that seeing they might not see, and hearing they might not understand. (11) Now the parable is this: The seed is the word of God.” The seed is planted by seeking, knocking and asking (prayer). Thirty-four references concerning seeking are made in the four gospels, almost all of which deal with spiritual seeking. Seeking lends itself to a quiet ongoing search for the greater revelation of the kingdom within, it provides constancy and is a noble pursuit in the practice of the Way. These are cornerstone values that lead to enlightenment within the Way. These are principles, not religious, intended to foment discussion, interest, and inquiry, as well as satisfaction within revelation.
Secret teachings were prepared for only those among the high priesthood. In this example, the Dead Sea Scrolls designate the high priesthood: Temple Scroll, The Rules, ch. 48, “You are the sons of YHWH, your priests, The Levites, and the sons of Zadok who kept the charge of my sanctuary when the children of Israel strayed from me, they shall offer me fat and blood…(16) They shall enter into my sanctuary.” The Zadokites were named after high priest Zadok, appointed by David. They considered themselves as ‘sons of YHWH’. Secret teachings would also deal with parable teaching and interpretation, as mentioned, and ever-broadening teaching of the mysteries (Mt. 13.11, Lk. 8.10) of the kingdom. Further, similitude is found in the hymns and poems of the DSS, which read much like the Book of Psalms.
Correspondent teachings run throughout old and new testaments, some of which are oft-quoted scripture. Read the following: Dan. 9.4, “…keeping the covenant and mercy to them that love Him, and to them that keep His commandments;” compares well with Mark 12.32-33, which is actually spoken by a scribe, probably an Osseaen Essene, “Well, Master thou hast said the truth: for there is one God; and there is none other but He: (33) And to love Him with all the heart, and with all the understanding, and with all the soul, and with all the strength, and to love his neighbor as himself, is more than all whole burnt offerings and sacrifices.” Compared also to Hosea 6.6, “For I desired mercy, not sacrifice; and the knowledge of God more than burnt offerings.” Jesus again speaks to the issue of mercy in Matt. 9.13, “I will have mercy, and not sacrifice; for I am not come to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance.” Old and new testaments share the higher vision of putting away animal sacrifice, instead, godly attributes and the man himself seems to be the single strand running throughout.
All of these scriptures have a strong Essenic bent. The simple reason being that the Essene did not practice sacrifice, and this seems particularly true of Jesus. The teaching had always been to sacrifice your earthly self, the self of bad habits, excuses, and negativity. Sacrifice all of these temporal conditions of man, and insert yourself pursuant to God. Jesus is calling those who recognize their sin nature, yet are willing to go forward into the hands of God.
Old and New Testament
Let us begin the study of Enoch with comparisons between old and new testaments. Many of Jesus’ teachings derive from the prophets of the high priesthood, the earlier Zadokites (Temple Priests) of the Hebrew Bible. Many comparative scriptures could be referenced: Isaiah 6.9, “Seeing many things, but thou observes not; opening the ears, but he hearth not,” and then spoken by Jesus in Matt. 13.13-14, “…because they seeing they see not; and hearing they hear not, neither do they understand.” Isaiah 42.20 is a similar verse.
Further comparison, Enoch is transcribed in 100 BC and Revelation in AD 70, which for scripture is not a distant length of time. Both books were written during or after a crisis, Enoch and the Greek invasion, the Book of Revelation with the Roman invasion of Israel in AD 68-70, and the destruction of the Temple. Both books also deal extensively with apocalyptic (revelation) events, and both predict what is to come. Although the early roots of Enoch provide the substance of an earlier historical period and are thus handed down, its later chapters mimic Revelation rhetoric, as in fact does the Book of Daniel. Most scholars date the Book of Daniel to 150 BC, even though the events concern periods 400 years earlier and concern events surrounding Nebuchadnezzar. Daniel, Enoch, and Revelation all seem to have strong Essenic roots.
The following scriptures are a very brief compendium of similarities:
Revelation, 1.12-14, ending with, “His head and His hairs were white like wool, as white as snow; and His eyes were as aflame of fire,” referring to Jesus. Enoch, 46.1, “There I beheld the Ancient of Days, whose head was like white wool, and with him another, whose countenance resembled that of a man. His countenance was full of grace, like that of one of the holy angels.”* Daniel 7.9, “I beheld till the thrones cast down, and the Ancient of Days did sit, Whose garment was as white as snow, and the hair of His head like the pure wool: His throne was like the fiery flame, and his wheels as burning fire.”
*R. Laurence. The Book of Enoch the Prophet. Adventures Unlimited Press, 2000. Print.
Dan. 4.5, “I saw a dream which made me afraid, and the thoughts upon my beaded the visions of my head troubled me.” Enoch, 82.4, “I was lying down in the house of my grandfather Mamalel, when I saw a vision heaven purifying, and snatched away. (5) And falling to the earth, I saw likewise the earth absorbed by a great abyss; and mountains suspended over mountains… (7) I cried out and said, The earth is destroyed.”
The Essene text of Enoch reads much like Revelation, both of which include a strong apocalyptic style:
In Enoch, we read, ch. 60.13, “He shall call to every power of the heavens, to all the holy above, and to the power of God. The Cherubim, the Seraphim, and the Ophanin, all the angels of power, and all the angels of the Lords, namely, of the Elect One, and of the other Power, who was upon the earth over the water of that day.” Compare this to Revelation 4.5, written by John, “And out of the throne proceeded lightnings and thunderings and voices: and there were seven lamps of fire burning before the throne, which are the seven Spirits of God.”
The New Testament is not immune from Enoch, which lends the thought that Enoch was a well-known text and one with which the people seemed familiar. Matthew 5.22 & 29-30, Gehenna (Greek-hell, Valley of Hinnom, children burnt in worship to Molech) is referred to as a place of final punishment. In Enoch, Gehenna is referenced as the accursed valley, En. 27.2; 90.26-27.
Matt. 19.28, “When the Son of Man shall sit on the throne of his glory, ye shall also sit on twelve thrones”: Enoch 62.3,5, Mentioning kings and princes who shall be “terrified when they see the Son of Man sitting on the throne of his glory.”
Luke, who wrote the Book of Acts (AD 62-63) shows a number of similarities, as in Acts 3.14, “denied the Holy One (Righteous One) and the Just”: Enoch 38.3, “When, too, the secrets of the Righteous are revealed.”
Acts 10.4, “Thy prayers and thine alms are come for a memorial before God”: Enoch 99.3, “to raise up your prayers as a memorial, and place them as a testimony before the angels.”* The usage of terms and the method of presenting those terms originate from the same time period.
*R. H. Charlesworth. Old Testament Pseudepigrapha. Hendrickson, Peabody Mass., 2011. Print.
Acts 4.12, “Neither is there salvation from any other; for there is none other name under heaven given to men, whereby we must be saved.” : Enoch, ch. 48, entitled, The Son of Man; the Antecedent of Time; his judgment, v. 7, “And he has revealed the wisdom of the Lord of the Spirit of the righteous and holy ones, because he has preserved the portion of the righteous…and because they will be saved in his name and it is (his) good pleasure that they have life.”
Luke and Paul were companions, and Paul has no problem with the content of the Book of Enoch, as in verse: I Thess. 5.5, “Ye are the children of light, and the children of the day, and we are not of the night, or darkness”: Enoch 92.24, “…walk in eternal light,” and there are many more Enochian scriptures referencing the Son of Man, Heaven as a blessing of light (45.4), with many contrasts to dark and light.* Any number of scriptures from Enoch, Revelations, and Daniel might be chosen and compared favorably one to another.
*Further study: jstor.org.
Much of Enoch was transcribed not long after the Essenic separation. Much of the transcription may have occurred in Qumran. Many scholars accept that the ‘Teacher of Righteousness’ and his followers became the Nazarene Essene, those who would be the new sprout (nazara) of pure truth and understanding, the originating group from which Jesus came (see, Jesus the Nazarene).
To find out where much of the disciple John reached his understanding of Jesus we do not have to look very far. Enoch 48.3 tells us, “Before the sun and the signs were created, before the stars of heaven were formed, his name was invoked in the presence of the Lord of Spirits. A support he shall be for the righteous a the holy to lean upon, without falling; and he shall be the light of nations.” And v. 5 gives us, “Therefore the Elect and the Concealed One existed in his presence, before the world was created, and forever.” It would have to be determined that John had a very strong Essenic influence.
In chapter 50.14 of Enoch, a curious phrase is used, a phrase which would later be used by those called gnostics (knowers), as well as those described as blessed with the Holy Spirit, or the Shekinah Glory (Pentecost), as follows: “…all shall say with united voice: Blessed is He; and the name of the Lord of spirits shall be blessed forever and forever; all, who sleep not, shall bless it in the heaven above.” To wake up, or to be awakened, was the trademark of the early church. The agreement to commit is always considered a good beginning and is integrated within many of Jesus’ teachings. True awakening, however, is the fuller intent. To awaken was likewise traditionally used by the Essene, as was the term ‘born again’, meaning the realization of the spirit of God within, or awakening to God by extreme experience. The illumination brought down by the Shekinah was greatly favored.
In Ezekiel 37.12 the allusion to coming out of the grave is written, “Therefore prophesy and say unto them…Behold, O My People, I will open up your graves (awaken you), and cause you to come up out of your graves (come forth), and bring you into the land of Israel (promised land, or heaven). Much like Ezekiel, Jesus speaks in Matt. 22.32, “God is not the God of the dead, but the God of the living,” also points to wakefulness or the awakening. Matt. 11.5, “…the dead (asleep) are raised up, and the poor (in spirit) have the gospel preached to them.”
To become a believer was to be desired, but the experience of the Holy Spirit pouring down upon thee was greatly desired. Believers would have considered it an anointing, and in that sense, they would perceive themselves as receiving a part of the anointing Jesus experienced. Father and Son, and now you, are bound together. The experience of oneness is often described by those who receive the Shekinah. Exhilarating joy is often described. Those who have experienced this anointing, and I am one, can say at times He (Holy Spirit) can move with grace and joy upon one occasion, and upon other occasions with power and strength. The awakening to the spirit of God within and the anointing of the Holy Spirit from without, both are fundamental to the Nazarene enlightenment tradition.
Paul, for example, would have been taught the meanings of certain events described in the Book of Enoch. Paul’s training in Arabia (Gal. 1. 17), and then later again in Damascus indicates at least a few things. The more mystical secrets he later writes about certainly do not sound Pharisaic, nor do the miracles through him performed resemble sleeping Jerusalem. Paul’s journey did not include traveling to those in Jerusalem who were already apostles, and there to receive training second hand, but it seems he removed himself directly to the source—Nazarene locations in the now Syrian desert, then Arabia, perhaps in Cochaba and Nazara—and then finished his remaining training for three years in Damascus (v. 18). Paul then sees Peter and James for two weeks in Jerusalem, wherein Paul’s ministry is agreed upon as unto the Gentiles, and Paul begins his ministry by going to Syria and Cilicia.
The preserved thread of the Way is handed down from Enoch, throughout the old and new testimonies, the Dead Sea Scrolls, through Jesus, and right unto the end of scripture, the Book of Revelation.
The story of the ‘good line’ or heritage of man, as well as the ‘bad lineage’ is most emphasized within the seventh generation. In the Book of Enoch the confirmation of God’s promise to His own— believe in Me, then awaken to Me, I will take you unto Me, you shall abide with Me— is presented within the context of the seventh generation, the generation of perfection-completeness, and is delivered to us in the person of Enoch. His ministry is thought to have been faith-based, for the extent of his influence and the length of time he ministered would suggest this. Jewish scholars believe Enoch to possess the gift of prophecy, and that he taught by prophetic revelation. Enoch is in fact considered a prophet and is the first to be given this designation.
He is not only the first prophet but is considered unique in many other ways. Enoch is associated with Romans 10.17, “So then faith cometh by hearing.” Enoch’s extensive teaching service, which may have lasted for many decades, would provide the ‘hearing’ associated with this scripture. Enoch is considered to be divinely instructed, which infers instruction directly by the Holy Spirit. His prophecies would undoubtedly contain an apocalyptic vision, as well as revelation truth (knowledge-based). Enoch is thought to have organized many tens of thousands to follow in the steps of ‘hasidim’, or righteousness. His name means ‘teaching’, or to initiate.
Although Enosh, son of Seth, initiated the spread of the Cult of Yahweh, and because man needed to be restored into the understanding of God, it is Enoch’s firm leadership that congregates a huge following. His prophetic voice would have captured the imagination of many who were straying. He was firmly rooted within his faith and his walk in the ways of God, and with God. His broad-based knowledge teaching would effectively combine with apocalyptic prophecy, the power of which would separate those who would follow and those who would not. For this reason, he engenders the revelation of each man into God, each man becomes revealed as wheat or chaff.
Jared lives 162 years and begets Enoch; Enoch lives 65 years and begat Methuselah; Methuselah lived 187 years and begat Lamech, and Lamech lived 182 years and begat Noah. Biblically, this is 437 years from Enoch’s birth to Noah’s. It is 500 years when Noah has his sons, and it is soon after that the flood assaults the world. This timeline is almost exactly a millennium or 1000 years. This length of time represents a full cycle for man. That is, mankind is tested thoroughly, with Enoch’s teaching and standards as arbiter.
Enoch has proffered a great and sustaining work. But, as Genesis 6.1* tells us about increasing populations, followed by the hierarchies that begin to rule these burgeoning city-states, earthly leadership becomes engrossed by ever greater assumptions of earthly power. They took wives by license (Gn. 6.2), and concerning women infers a certain abuse, and infers pagan practice. Other mixed rites or pagan traditions would likely have been observed. By the end of Enoch’s age, and upon entering the age of Noah, all men have now chosen, either standing with the God of righteousness or pagan to the root.
* Gn. 6.1, “…men began to multiply on the face of the earth.”
Enoch would be typified as a family man. Placed in a surrounding of growing corruption, he was able to maintain fealty and countenance toward God. He would have to be designated as the first true prophet. The name Enoch refers to those who are educated, or the educated one. ‘Holy Hasidic’ would be a descriptive name for Enoch. Many who study in the Way consider Enoch as the primitive root of the teaching itself. Having the knowledge base handed down through the lineage of Adam and Eve now becomes for Enoch an important teaching platform. Enosh tries first by establishing the ‘Cult of Yahweh’, but it is Enoch whose teaching heritage survives.
Perhaps the most significant statement concerning Enoch is found in Gen. 5.22, and again restated in v. 24: “Enoch walked with God three hundred years… And Enoch walked with God; and he was not, and God took him.” These scriptures point to Enoch as outstandingly different than any other participant of the generations thus far. Previously the litany of the generations reads as ‘they lived, they died, and in-between they begot’. Enoch truly walks with God, spurring three complete books written in his name, but also that Enoch does not die, but taken directly by God and assumed into heaven.
“Walked with God,” tells us much about Enoch. For Enoch it is the daily walk, it is continuous, it is fully committed. ‘The walk with God’ may also be correctly interpreted as ‘God abided in him’. Enoch is awake, while clearly others sleep. This inspired ‘walk’ is also entered upon by other biblical luminaries, among them John the Baptist, “raised up a horn of salvation,” “Prophet of the Highest” (Lk. 2.69, 76). Jesus in his person and in his teaching of the Way speaks to the same office, and John 1.1-15 relates Jesus’ supreme precedence. Noah also walked with God (Gn. 9.1). Known as the ‘righteous remnant’, through these highly committed individuals the thread of the enlightenment into God is preserved.
Within scripture are other great men and women who point toward the enlightened understanding of God, and who also point to the messianic vision or Christ himself. These men and some women are pictured as pure and just, at least within the context of their circumstances. Samuel would be one such person. Another would be the revered Solomon, and another would be Isaiah. Deborah might be mentioned, as well as Mother Mary. Many would include Mary Magdalene on such a list. Earlier in scripture the son of Seth, Enosh, may have pointed toward Christ, but Enoch is usually considered the first true proto-Christ figure.
By contrast, remember the seventh generation of Cain? Lamech arrives in that generation (see, Cain VI), and is arguably the most reprehensible individual in the Hebrew Bible. However, the godly line which follows Adam into the seventh generation gives us Enoch. His is the generation of perfection, or full completion often attributed as ‘wholeness with God’. Just as Cain’s heritage is a completed evil, so Adam’s is a completed spirituality.
Enoch lives during the time of a falling away. Many gods are being worshipped, and man has moved into great confusion. Enoch tries to rally those who have remained righteous and those his movement can attract, contrasted by those who have chosen the fallen pathway. The works of the Holy Spirit demonstrated as the spiritual progress that man had made up to that point, is now being targeted by those whom we describe today as ‘interfering spirits’. Jesus makes an oblique reference to the times of Enoch and those who interfere with God’s works, “Anyone who speaks a word against the Son of Man will be forgiven them; but whoever speaks against the Holy Spirit, it will not be forgiven, in this age or in this age to come” (Lk. 12.10). The plan of God is sacrosanct, and to interfere in His workings of that plan bears a heavy burden. It directly implies that he who is interfering or speaks against the Holy Spirit already knows about God, and is interfering willfully.
As to those who disrupt God’s work, to what extent does disorder and chaos reflect from the times of Enoch? Even into the times of Jesus, these interfering souls are mentioned, as Jesus speaks in the Parable of the Tares, “…but the tares are the sons (children) of the wicked one” (Mt. 13.37-40). As we head toward Noah, such are the times of Enoch.
As Enoch’s teaching is passed down, it is Noah who was designated as “… a just man, perfect in his generations. Noah walked with God” (Gn. 6.9). The idea of walking with God is intrinsic to the Way. Enoch essentially establishes this pathway of ‘walking’ for the many generations and is in part why Enoch is considered a proto-Christ. This pathway implies a number of attributes. Much as Christ demonstrated while walking in the full expression of God, it implies a knowledge of what God approves and does not approve. It implies certain wakefulness, a certain insightfulness whose gears turn the enlightened understanding. This, in turn, implies seeking Him and implies a relationship with Him. Walking with God requires sensitivity to Him, both of His presence within and without, and a familiarity with the teachings God has provided.
If we observe Jesus’s ministry one root of the Way becomes revealed. From the Book of Jude, Enoch’s prophesies are mentioned concerning the ungodly and their deeds.
“The seventh one in line from Adam, Enoch, also prophesied about them when he said: ‘Look, Jehovah came with his holy myriads to execute judgment against all, and to convict the ungodly concerning all their ungodly deeds that they did in an ungodly way… these men are murmurers, complainers about their lot in life, following their own desires, and their mouths make grandiose boasts, while they are flattering others for their own benefit” (Jd. 14-16). The teachings of Jesus are full of such references. Enoch, in his own time and place, would have no problem relating to Jesus’ teachings.
There are further similarities to Jesus, as many aspects of their ministries were in common. While Jesus dealt with the splintering of Judaism itself, Enoch dealt with the splintering of the righteous broken off into various pagan religions. As surly as Enoch found himself surrounded by enemies, we know Jesus was also. That the height of God’s teachings was for that era presented during Enoch’s ministry, for Jesus we would most certainly say the same was true.
From Enoch Book II, chapter 33, verse 4, “And there is no advisor and no successor to my creation. I am self-eternal and not made by hands. My thought is without change. My wisdom is my advisor and my deed is my word… (5) Apply your mind, Enoch, and acknowledge the One who is speaking to you.”* This is written as a direct speaking from God unto Enoch. This is reminiscent of God speaking to Moses, “I Am that I Am,” Ex. 3.14, and “…and the Word was with God,” Jn.1.1
*Charlesworth. The Old Testament Pseudepigrapha, vol. I, Apocalyptic Literature and Testaments. Peabody, Mass: Hendrickson, 2nd ed., 2011. Print.
When Enoch ascends to heaven he is transformed into the angel Metatron. The degree of godliness Enoch achieved would suppose he became his true self once more, that is, Enoch upon the earth, thence Metatron the Recording Angel once he ascended. Angel Metatron is also ‘he who unifies’, the ‘mender of sandals’, sewing at the base, but he who also ‘crowns’ your prayers to enhance them toward the will of God, and in so doing assists in binding heaven and earth together. He is noted within Judaism as one who records, the Recorder of Israel’s Deeds.
There is much commentary concerning Metatron. One noted comment makes a similarity between Melchizedek and Metatron: “both hold exalted, if not pre-eminent, positions among the angels; both are heavenly judges… Both had earthly lives prior to their exalted, heavenly states.”* This similarity extends itself to Jesus Christ as well. All three are considered pre-existent: Melchizedek as archangel Michael, Enoch as Metatron the Recorder, and Jesus as Light-Bringer, Savior. Metatron is called ‘Prince of the Divine Presence’, he dwells with God.
*ibid. trans. P. Alexander, intro. 3 Enoch, The Heavenly Melchizedek.
For the teaching of the Way, Jesus speaks of his generation that cannot discern the signs of the times, and he denounces them as evil (Mt. 16.3-4). They cannot recognize the movement of the spirit in the times in which they live. Many would denote our current times as quite similar. Enoch, as a teacher and Holy One, shines as a beacon of light, and amidst his generation radiates as the underpinning of relationship to God.
Enoch and the Flood
I Enoch, ch. 83, describes the flood of Noah, The Dream Visions. It begins with the Vision of the Deluge and ends with the establishment of the Messianic Kingdom. Written in a highly symbolic fashion,’Deluge’, through ch. 89, reads much like Revelation. Reminiscent of Essene texts, Chapter 85 offers us visions of the white, red and black cows, for instance.
As to the flood itself, ch. 89, “Again I saw, and behold, fountains were opened upon the ground…and the water began to swell and rise upon the ground; and I saw the enclosed area until the whole ground was completely covered with water.” A tectonic shift is a usual explanation for the “water began to swell”, somewhat more than a mere earthquake. Later, “…cascading streams were dissipated from that high ceiling…and other pits were opened. Then the water began to descend into them until the ground became visible, that boat [previously mentioned] settled upon the earth, the darkness vanished, and became light.”
It is not recorded whether Enoch’s followers were saved from the flood, but just as in other Jewish writings and scripture itself, the most significant member of the family is often the only one mentioned, hence Noah. Enoch calls out over the ages that man should walk with God, know godly ways, and stay keen to His presence.
En. 83.8, “Now, my son..for you are a man of faith, so that a remnant shall remain upon the earth and that whole earth shall not be blotted out.” The next righteous remnant is Noah.
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